2010年11月28日 星期日

BBC Words in the News - Polar bears will be protected in Alaska

BBC Learning English
Last updated at 16:11 GMT, Friday, 26 November 2010


Summary

26 November 2010
The US government says land that oil and gas companies want to drill in Alaska is a crucial home for polar bears. Environmentalists hope this announcement will help save the endangered animals.
Reporter:
Rajesh Mirchandani

Polar bear in the snow
Polar bears are an endangered species

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Report

Right now in an icy den in the Arctic, a polar bear is giving birth to cubs, or is about to. But the very survival of this fearsome,majestic species concerns many humans.
Polar bears live and hunt on sea ice, but the frozen Arctic Ocean ismelting at an increasing rate, a result, scientists say, of global warming caused by greenhouse gases.

Now the US government has designated nearly half a million square kilometres in Alaska as critical habitats for the polar bear. It covers an area of roughly twice the size of the United Kingdom, and it means any proposed economic activity there, must be weighed against its impact on the bears' habitat. It includes some of the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas, exactly where the oil company, Shell, wants to drill.

The designation itself doesn't ban oil exploration, but it adds extrahurdles that opponents say will harm the economy.

Environmentalists welcome the move, saying now, they can write a recovery plan for polar bears, not an obituary.

Rajesh Mirchandani, BBC News, Los Angeles

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Vocabulary

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majestic species
powerful animals with royal qualities
melting
global warming
designated
critical habitats
weighed against
oil exploration
hurdles
harm
an obituary

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